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Jeans encyclopedia

Velvet – durable wear-resistant fabric on cotton basis with vertical grooves formed by additional weft threads. It is widely used in the manufacture of denim-style clothing.

WEIGHT denim fabric – measured in ounces for a square yard. The heaviest cloth weighs 15.5 ounces or more. The usual – from 13 to 14.5. Lightweight fabric – 10 to 13 oz. Cloth for shirts – from 4 to 9 ounces.

GENOA – Port in Italy. The Oxford dictionary asserts that the word “jeans” appeared in 1957, and that it is a derogation of the word “Genoese” (Genoese), which was marked with a simple cut of thick cotton, worn by seamen from this port.

DENIM is a rough cotton cloth, harvested, with characteristic weaving with a base of 3×1 outside (the base dives under each third weft, and it underneath two of the three threads of the base). Initially, it was called “the Union of Nîmes” (Nîmes is the city in France where it was produced) – serge de Nimes. Traditionally, the base of the fabric is painted with natural indigo dye, the ducks remain unalloyed.

STICKERS – copper or metal, used to strengthen the corners of corners. First introduced by Jacob Davis, a Nevada developer, to whom the elders complained during the Gold Rush period that their pockets are torn off by the weight of golden strains. With the growth of orders for riveted pants, he wrote a letter to the person who had made him a gummy – a manufacturer of working clothes named Levi Strouss. In the letter, he proposed to jointly initiate the idea of ​​using rivets in working clothes. The letter was dated July 02, 1887, and this is apparently the first date in the history of jeans. Patent number 139/121 was given to them on May 20, 1873. Jacob Davis moved to San Francisco, where he took over the production of “pantalon” and “belt overalls” (so jeans were called) at Levi Strauss & Co. Until the year 1890, when the term of the patent expired, no one else could use the rivet on clothes. Starting in 1937, the rivets on the back of the model’s “Levi’s 501” models began to be trimmed with jeans, because cowboys didn’t like their trousers to be tied to the saddle. In the mid-60s, the backseat of the rear armor was canceled altogether. Instead, the corners of corners began to stitch zigzag stitches. In jeans “Levi’s” this line consists of forty-two stitches for half an inch.

ZOLTNIKA ZATPAGNIKA (Zipper) – invented in 1893 by the American W. Litcom Jadson and represented a system of miniature hooks and eyelets. Swede Gideon Sundbek improved it in 1913. After it, it turned into a system of metal teeth, which were intertwined with each other by means of a moving clamp. In jeans production for the first time used by the company Lee in 1926.

PERFORMANCE – a combined, high-performance final processing process for jeans. Includes a pumice superwash and sandblasting. All this to give the jeans a naturo-faded and worn.

INDIGO – dark blue paint, which is traditionally used in the production of denim fabric. People say about her “living”, meaning that in the process of wearing it fades, changes. It was used to coat wool another four thousand years ago. It was obtained from the plant Indigofera, which grows in India and China. In 1878, the German chemist Adolph von Baer invented the synthetic indigo dye, which soon supplanted the natural as more pure and stable.

ACID WASHING – bleaching jeans with pumice soaked in perchloric acid. It is patented in 1986.

CLASSIC jeans style – “five-pocket” jeans, “cowboy” jackets and shirts, overalls on the straps.

SKIN LABEL – a rectangular label made of real leather or its substitutes. It is sewn on jeans from the back of the back right pocket. In addition to the logo may contain the size and number of the party.

LEFT JEANS – denim fabric, in which the diagonal line of sings rises from the bottom up to the left. At the same time, a very soft fabric texture is obtained after washing. Fabric more labor-intensive in production requires increased attention to the final processing operations.

Yarn dyeing – the process in the manufacture of jeans, in which natural cotton yarn is dipped a certain number of times in a durable dress (6-8 or 10-12). After each make-up, the indigo dye is oxidized on the air, while its natural yellow-green color turns blue. Then the yarn is otpravakvavatsya to remove excess dye. The second name is the VENTRIC COLOR, since when dying for comfort, something like kanata is made from yarn.

COLORED PRODUCTS – products are made undyed or painted in the most light colors and are stored in such a way in the warehouse. Paint is produced before the sales in accordance with the requirements of the market or fashion trends.

TRANSFORMATION – a common name for various processes. The yarn can be tilted to the point that it seems to be black – the color is “black, fading to blue” (because it is precisely black that behaves when worn).

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